Poor posture and weakness in the lower back are often the cause of sciatica. Pain usually comes from a compression of the sciatic nerve between the vertebrae.
Physical Therapists at Whites Physical Therapy in Wilmington, MA, explain that the sciatic nerve is the largest of all the nerves. It extends its ramifications throughout the lower body and legs. Any abnormal compression of this nerve affects the mobility of the body.
The classic symptom is the appearance of an acute pain on one side of the body, which begins in the lower back or buttock, and then through the back of the thigh to the lower leg to finish in the foot.
Symptoms are frequently changing, increased by forward bending and prolonged sitting positions.
In rare cases, the pain is accompanied by loss of muscle tone in the leg and in the foot that can be a harbinger of paralysis. This is a medical emergency well known by Physical Therapists in Wilmington, MA.
Physical Therapy for Sciatica
The objectives are to lift the mechanical resistance, fight against stiffness, decrease inflammation, and fight against pain.
Therapists at Whites Physical Therapy in Wilmington, MA, begin their work by undertaking a review to identify the “profile” of the patient’s sciatica. They study the age of sciatica, circumstances of onset, drugs received, posture and activity of the patient. They also look for joint stiffness, muscle tension or weakness.
Physical therapy includes:
- Massages: they allow muscle relaxation. The massage effects are also analgesics and anti-inflammatories.
- Physiotherapy by thermotherapy and electrotherapy: It allows a reduction in pain and inflammation.
- Gentle Stretching: stretching the muscle chains can correct posture and relieve the spine.
- Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy: it is a method of rehabilitation of the musculoskeletal system by specific manual techniques and learning of movements for self-rehabilitation to regain spinal mobility and reduce pain.
- The Manual Therapy: this technique can reduce pain, facilitate the movements and unlock joints.
- The muscle building exercises: the adapted muscle toning allows better support of abdominal strap.
These different methods allow to relieve pain and prevent sciatica recurrence.
Importance of Education in Sciatica.
Physical Therapists at Whites Physical Therapy in Wilmington, MA, will teach you exercises to strengthen your back muscles and your abdominal strap. They will also show you stretches to improve the flexibility of your back and to help maintain good daily habits.
To limit the occurrence and severity of episodes, Physical Therapist in Wilmington, MA, will provide advice:
- ergonomic: especially modification of the sitting position.
- entertaining the mobility by simple extension exercises.
- maintenance of muscle tone: muscle work exercise performed alone for example.
The ideal is that the patient undergo a gentle routine for muscle strengthening and stretching to quickly recover from his sciatica.