What is resistance exercise?
It is any form of exercise that causes the muscles to contract against external resistance aimed towards increasing the ability of muscles to generate force. The training increases endurance, strength, tone, and mass. The resistance can be from one’s own body weight, rubber exercise tubing, dumbbells or anything that causes muscles to contract. Resistance exercise was traditionally used only by young adults to improve their athletic performance, but the potential health benefits of the exercise have proven effective for all ages.
The health benefits associated with resistance exercise make it a great tool in physical therapy. It is common for clients who seek physical therapy at Whites Physical Therapy to experience reduced ability of muscles to generate force due to injuries and trauma, pathology or disuse.
Styles of resistance exercises
- Olympic lifting – It entails lifting weights overhead like it is done in the Olympics
- Powerlifting – It involves doing squats, deadlift and bench press
- Weightlifting – It involves lifting heavy weights, normally less than six reps.
How does it work?
Resistance exercise causes microscopic damage to the muscle cells. The damage or tears are quickly repaired to help muscles regenerate and become stronger. The catabolism (breakdown of muscle fiber) and anabolism (repair of muscle tissue) strengthen the degenerated muscles. Growth hormones, protein, and other nutrients repair the damaged muscles after resistance exercise, hence helping physical therapy patients regain muscle strength.
Why do the exercise?
- Resistance exercise slows down muscle aging process,
- It builds muscle strength and tone enhancing movement
- It builds bone structure
- Prevention of high blood pressure
Physical therapists at Whites Physical Therapy are trained to administer resistance exercise in the appropriate quantities and manner. For effective treatment, visit the best physical therapists in Wilmington, MA. Also, for successful treatment, perform the resistance exercises in moderation to allow time for re-growth of muscles. Be sure to seek out this treatment from the most qualified physical therapist in Wilmington, MA.